Significance of National Parks
Civilization is a good thing though it poses serious dangers to natural resources. Such resources include flora and fauna or simply plants and animals. It is in a bid to conserve such resources that countries have established special places for them. Most countries in the world refer to such conservation areas as game parks or game reserves. Governments usually run or manage such national parks and game reserves.
The importance of national parks to a country cannot be overemphasized. Rare plant species and wildlife form the most important living things in most national parks and they are different from one park to the other or from one country to another. The chance to see rare plant and animal species makes many tourists visit specific countries in the world. Many countries generate great amounts of revenue from tourism and activities related to tourism. A country that boasts of many natural parks will definitely have a huge Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P).
National parks usually have different attraction sites and features. For instance, in African countries, the main tourist attractions within national parks are wild animals. Animals like lions, elephants, leopards and buffaloes roam most national parks of African countries. Animal species in other continents happen to be largely those not found in Africa. A good example is the availability of Kangaroos in Australian national parks and the great bison in United States of America.
The modern world has witnessed an increase of national parks being used for recreational activities. Camping and hiking form part of some of the recreational attractions present in modern day national parks. There are countries that use national parks as tracks for athletic events like marathons. How do national parks form sites for recreation? This is an important point since any activities happening in national parks must not create any human-wildlife conflicts.
To understand how recreation activities take place in national parks, it is good to note that such activities cannot happen in all national parks. For any national park to be used for recreation, it must be set up in such a manner that such activities will not pose dangers to wildlife as well as to human beings. Case in point is the consistent use of the Big Bend national park in the United States of America for hiking activities. Availability of natural trails within the park makes it ideal for hiking.
Leisure walks and camping also happen inside some national parks. Absence of carnivorous animals makes a park ideal for camping activities. Carnivores are very dangerous and may cause harm to humans during camping times. To make parks ideal for such recreational activities, many governments have created a clear demarcation separating animals and areas for recreation.
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